6 Facts About Obesity That You Should Know About

6 Facts About Obesity That You Should Know About

Obesity is defined as carrying too much weight, mainly fat, around the body. The most prevalent cause of excess fat is that a person consumes more calories than they burn. Obesity is also caused by sedentary behavior and the eating of high-energy meals. Obesity and overweight cause abnormal or excessive fat storage, which can be harmful to one's health.

Over a third of Americans are obese, yet there are many misconceptions about what is creating the worldwide health crisis. Overweight and obese people encounter several health issues, negative repercussions, and worries. In reality, being overweight or obese increases a person's chance of developing a variety of illnesses and health problems. Here is a list of six facts about obesity that you should know about.

1. Obesity is different from being overweight
Obese and overweight are words used to describe a person's weight when it exceeds what is considered healthy, but they are not synonymous. The body mass index (BMI) is an indirect measure of body fat that is a ratio of weight and height. It is frequently used to evaluate whether a person is overweight or obese. You are overweight if your BMI is between 25 and 29.9. Obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or greater.

2.  Obesity is a true disease that roots in the brain
Obesity is commonly thought to be caused by overeating and a lack of motivation to exercise. However, the truth is significantly more convoluted. When you gain weight, the hypothalamic neurons that transmit messages from your fat cells to the rest of your brain are destroyed. 

As a result, your brain fails to recognize that you are full, and you continue to eat. And, once you're overweight or obese, your body creates chemicals like insulin that enhance fat storage, making you more likely to store additional weight as fat.

3. Obesity can contribute to various health issues
Obesity can significantly increase your risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer, as well as gynecological and sexual problems. High BMI can result in non-communicable conditions such as cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke). It can also induce muscle and bone diseases (particularly osteoarthritis, a severely debilitating degenerative joint condition) and lead to back pain

4. Obesity cuts life expectancy
Moderate obesity (BMI 30-35) reduces life expectancy by two to four years, but severe obesity (BMI 40-45) reduces life expectancy by a full decade. This is most likely to affect today's kids, as more than one-fifth of five-year-olds and one-third of eleven-year-olds are overweight or obese. Obesity has reached such proportions that this generation of youngsters may be the first in US history to live less healthy and shorter lives than their parents.

5. If the mother is obese, the child is also more prone to obesity
Babies born to obese moms are more likely to be big at birth, in addition to a higher chance of birth abnormalities. This is a condition known as macrosomia. Macrosomia puts newborns at risk of bone fractures at birth and is linked to a higher incidence of caesarian section. It also raises the mother's chances of having a difficult birth.

Obese women are more insulin resistant during conception, which may result in fetal overnutrition and overgrowth at delivery. However, women's weight during pregnancy has a long-term impact on the baby's growth and delivery.

6. Obesity affects one out of every five American teenagers
The facts of childhood obesity portray a bleak picture for the United States. Over 12 million youngsters in the United States are fat. Obesity affects 17% of youngsters in the United States on average. There are significant disparities across age groups and ethnic groupings based on this average.

Obesity is most prevalent among adolescents and young adults in the United States. Obesity affects more than 20% of teens. This means that one in every five teens and young adults in the United States is fat.

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