Millets are a profoundly different group of little cultivated grasses, broadly grown all over the world as cereal yields or grains for cattle fodder and human food. Most species by and large alluded to as millets have a place with the clan Paniceae, however a few millets likewise have a place with different other taxa. People in India used to consume the traditional food of millets but wheat has changed the trend and led to various health issues such diabetes and associated disorders though it has some benefits as well. In the further section we shall discuss the millets (positive, neutral and negative) and their benefits. Let's see!!
Millets are significant harvests in the semiarid jungles of Asia and Africa (particularly in India, Niger, Mali and Nigeria,), with 97% of millet creation in developing nations. This yield is inclined toward because of its efficiency and short developing season under high-temperature and dry conditions. Millets are native to many pieces of the world. The most broadly grown millets are pearl millets and sorghum, which are significant yields in India and portions of Africa. Finger millet, proso millet, and foxtail millet are likewise significant harvest species. Millets have been consumed by people for around 7,000 years and possibly had "a critical job in the ascent of multi-crop horticulture and settled cultivating social orders.
Millets Can be Divided into Three Subgroups
1. Positive Millets
Positive millets include foxtail millet, browntop millet, kodo millet, barnyard millet and Little millet
2. Neutral Millets
It includes sorghum (jawar), pearl millets (bajra), finger millet (ragi), proso millet and corn
3. Negative Millets
Negative millets are wheat and paddy (rice).
1. Positive Millets
It is also known as kangani. It has Italian origin. It had fibre around 7% It acts as a brain tonic and is essential in neurological problems. It also affects the respiratory system positively and is beneficial in respiratory disorders. It helps in sciatica as it helps in the skeletal system. Foxtail millets are also high in protein content. It helps in a number of psychological and neurological problems and works amazingly in epilepsy, arthritis and parkinson’s disease.
2. Brown top Millets
Browntop millets are also known as hari kangani. It has American origin. It works amazingly in different systems of the body namely the neurological system, digestive system and skeletal system. Browntop millets work amazingly in the condition of chronic constipation. It has fibre content of 12.5 % .Furthermore the browntop millets have good results in arthritis, hypothyroidism, eye disorders, thyroid problems, hypertension and obesity.
3. Kodo Millets
It is pinkish in colour. It is best used in haematological problems. It helps in blood cancer, anaemia, bone marrow issues, allergic conditions, leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, ITP, and the disorders of the raktavaha srotas. It helps in maintaining the levels of creatinine, reduces the cholesterol and the triglycerides. Thus has a number of health benefits. Patients with blood disorders must consume the Kodo millets al latest for three days in breakfast, lunch and dinner as well. It has fibre content of about 10% Kodo millets are of best help in insomnia, diabetes, weak immunity, constipation, anaemia and impurities of the blood.
4. Barnyard Millets
Barnyard millets are also known as Japanese or German millets. These millets are of choice in the disorders of the liver. It has around 11 % fibre. It helps wonderfully in soft tissue disorders and magically works in hepatomegaly and splenomegaly. Barnyard millet excels with its goodness in managing the conditions of liver, kidney, spleen, excessive bad cholesterol and endocrine glands.
5. Little Millets
Little millets contain around 10 to 11 percent fibre. This is known as kutki in Punjabi. It works impeccably in the disorders of the reproductive system such as azoospermia, erectile dysfunction and various others as well. Further it balances the hormones in the body hence are beneficial in female reproductive system issues. With above mentioned properties little millets are helpful in PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease), uterine fibroid, male andfemale infertility
2. Neutral Millets
Sorghum is known as jowar and is considered neutral millet thus can be consumed regularly according to the season ongoing. It is gluten free and has no glycemic index. It works nicely in the nerve degeneration conditions. It is a rich source of magnesium and phosphorus. It has a hot potency. Sorghum reduces inflammation. It contains antioxidants that help in fighting the ageing signs and also it also exhibits anti-cancer properties. It has 4 g of fibre
1. Pearl Millet
Pearl millet is also known as Bajra and is a great component of diabetic diet, that provides a stable glucose level in the bloodstream. It helps in lowering the cholesterol level, thus beneficial in heart patients. It is gluten free. It is useful in stomach ulcers and acidity. Due to its higher fibre content of 1.3g it helps in relieving constipation. It is a good source of protein. It is good for lowering the high blood pressure.
2. Finger Millet
The minerals, fibre and nutrient found in finger millet can give significant medical advantages. The potassium found in finger millet can assist with keeping your kidneys and heart working appropriately. Potassium likewise assists your nerves with communicating signals, which permits your cerebrum and your muscles to cooperate without a hitch. Finger millet is also known as Ragi, according to ayurveda, it is tridosha shamak, helps in burning sensation in the hands and feet.
It has a fiber content of around 3.6 g.
It supports the good bacteria in the gut
Finger millet is an excellent source of niacin, vitamin A, vitamin B, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, antioxidants.
Finger millets controls bad cholesterol thus helps in atherosclerosis
A low glycemic index makes it a useful meal for the diabetic patient.
3. Proso Millet
Proso millet is of great use in the diseases of the nervous system as it contains a good amount of lecithin as it helps in strengthening the nervous system. The Proso millets are beneficial in reducing the bad cholesterol levels in the body as it contains phytic acid that reduces bad cholesterol level. It acts as an anti-aging agent due to its antioxidant richness that removes the free radicals from the body. It works wonderfully in diseases of skin. As it is devoid of gluten this is a good diet for celiac patients. As it contains high amounts of magnesium it is helpful in checking the levels of glucose in the patient with diabetes and hence controls the type 2 diabetes. Further, it has a decent amount of calcium thus helps in strengthening the bones. It has around a fibre content of 2.2 g.
Corn is known as corn silk and commonly known as makka/makki. It is of great help in prostatomegaly, kidney dysfunction and bed wetting. It manages cystitis, edema, kidney stones, and urinary infections as it acts as a diuretic. It promotes and boosts the health of the kidney. It also helps in reducing cholesterol levels and blood glucose levels. It helps in anaemia, protects the heart, helps in weight gain and is good for eyes and skin. It helps in prevention of cancer and promotes healthy cell division.
3. Negative Millets
Wheat is a new grain that provides energy to the body and has a high glycemic index but contains some proteins such as gluten that causes problems in some patients that are intolerant to gluten. Further it has several benefits and it has been in regular use in India particularly in the north. It has 1.2 g fibre.
2. Rice (paddy)
Rice is widely grown all over India and is a source of instant and fast energy. It is generally used in some of the states of India every day. It has 0.2 g of fibre. Though a good source of instant energy and easy to digest and helps in weight gain and though not so good for gut health due to its low fibre content it can cause constipation.
Millets are of great help in managing diseased conditions and maintaining the health status of a man and thus with property these also help in achieving the objective of Ayurveda. Millets are of great help in almost every condition and are a great source of fibre. Furthermore, due to the low glycemic index, the positive and neutral millets are helpful in maintaining normal blood sugar levels. Millets were in use in ancient times and people were healthy but today the new grains have taken the place of ancient millets. And further chemical fertilisers and pesticides have made them more harmful. Thus this is the need of time that we must switch our diet to millets and stay positive and healthy and we should also spread the usefulness of the positive and neutral millets and discard the use of harmful wheat and rice at earliest.
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