Pressure Ulcers - Risk Assessment and Prevention

pressure prevention supply

What are Pressure Ulcers?

Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores or pressure sores, are generally injuries to the skin and underlying tissue that results when someone keeps pressing or rubbing against the skin. These sores are usually seen on the bony prominences like hips, ankles, heels, tailbone, etc. Due to prolonged pressure, shear and friction, the area of the skin breaks down. This results in pressure sores. Pressure ulcers embody a major burden of sickness and minimize the quality of life and patient’s carrier.

Factors That Increase The Risk Of Pressure Ulcers

People with a medical condition that restricts them to change position or use a wheelchair or confines them to a bed for a long time, in such patients, the risk of bedsores double. These develop quickly and most of the times difficult to treat. The immobility in the patient could be as a result of:

  • Coma
  • Illness or injury that requires wheelchair use or bed rest
  • Paralysis
  • Poor health
  • Recovery after surgery
  • Sedation
  • Weakness

There are several other factors that increase the risk of bedsores like:

Nonfunctional Sensory System: Neurological disorders, spinal cord injuries and other conditions can cause loss of sensation. Such patients are unable to sense the pain or discomfort, which can result in bedsores.

Age: As your skin gets older, it becomes thin, less elastic and more fragile as compared to those who are young. This makes the skin of elderly vulnerable to damage.

Weight loss: Weight loss condition is extremely common during long term illness, paralysis and muscle atrophy.

Others: Other factors include poor nutrition & hydration, bowel incontinence, dryness, limited alertness and medical conditions that affect blood flow.

Complications Associated With Pressure Ulcers

Pressure Ulcers are very complicated diseased condition that can even result in different complications. It can cause sepsis (a life-threatening condition that can result in organ failure), bone and joint infections (reduce the function of joints and limbs), cellulitis (skin infection that causes severe pain, swelling and redness) and cancer (nonhealing wounds).

Pressure Ulcers Risk Assessment

If we particularly talk about pressure prevention care pathway, it is essential to recognize the patients in the early states who are at the risk of developing pressure ulcers. Risk assessment is the part of prevention of pressure ulcers and helps practitioners to concentrate on the risks that have the potential of causing harm to the patient. It is their responsibility to identify these risks and begin the processes required to reduce the likelihood of occurring pressure ulcers.

There are 5 key points of risk assessment:

  1. Early recognition of the risks of developing bedsores is an essential part of prevention solution.
  2. With the help of specific tools, risks of occurring pressure ulcers can be easily assessed.
  3. Clinical judgment, consideration of support services and skin assessment are also the ways of risk assessment.
  4. Any damage to the patient’s skin should activate a re-evaluation of preventive plans.
  5. Patients and their families need to accept the reality that some pressure ulcers are inevitable.

Prevention Of Pressure Ulcers

Simply change in position is the key to preventing pressure sores. Repositioning is necessary to avoid pressure on the skin and body changes need to reduce pressure on vulnerable areas. The pressure ulcers prevention process includes:

Wheelchair Repositioning

Shift weight frequently

Lift the patient

Prefer specialty wheelchair

Choosing pressure relieving cushion

Repositioning in a bed

Reposition frequently

Choose devices that help reposition

Adjust bed elevation

Try a specialized mattress

Prefer cushions to protect bony areas

Nutrition

Drink water, juices, etc. to keep skin hydrated

Choose a healthy diet

Others

Stay active

Quit smoking

It is the duty of caregiver to examine the body of the patient from head to toe. Pay special attention to the areas that are very much prone to pressure ulcers.

Similar Articles

Folding Transport Wheelchair

Wheelchairs are utilised by people the world over for a host of reasons. Some people have temporary injuries that require temporary wheelchair use, while others have permanent disabilities and infirmities that make mobility near-impossible without the aid of a wheelchair.

7 Go-To Sources For Health Information

What does health mean to you? Is it running a really fast 100-meter sprint or a long distance marathon? Is it going 15 rounds in the ring or lifting really heavy deadlifts? Is it being able to twist yourself into poses or just living really long? 

Weight Loss

While losing weight can be challenging we need to whey out all the false myths that have affected our weight reduction. We've looked into, ask our loved ones and additionally attempted diverse methodologies, and yet at the same time don't have any good fortune

Liposuction

What is liposuction, exасtlу? Liроѕuсtiоn iѕ a ѕurgiсаl рrосеdurе dеѕignеd to shape thе bоdу bу rеmоving fat from givеn аrеаѕ. Thеѕе areas include the frоnt stomach area, аrmѕ, сhin, сhееkѕ, соllаr, hips, buttосkѕ, thighs, breasts аnd knееѕ.

Patient engagement

The importance of patient engagement is being discussed in every facet of healthcare.  Care management teams are proactively putting efforts to engage with their patients on a constant basis. An effectively engaged patient does not only help in better health outcomes

Lower Back Pain - Everything You Want to Know

Besides incorporating aerobic, stretching and strengthening exercises to your daily regime, there are also several important guidelines for your lifestyle that can aid in the rehabilitation and the healing process of the lower back pain.

lower back pain relief products

When it comes to back pain, there can be various reasons for it.  We may have a lifestyle which promotes us sitting in front of our computers all day long but the pain in our backs is in no way caused by this living style.

mobility scooter

Mobility scooters have transformed the lives of millions of people with mobility problems and disabilities. These vehicles afford their users a degree of freedom and movement not found in traditional wheelchairs.

wheelchair

Every wheelchair has a story. Wheelchairs are used by people all over the world for a variety of reasons. Some have illnesses that necessitate temporary use, while some have permanent injuries and disabilities that make mobility impossible without a wheelchair.