History of Indian Paintings
From Jahangir’s brushwork miniatures reclining in Mughal fortresses to the soul-stirring masterpieces of M.F. Hussain, India carries a legendary history of artists and a rich heritage of artwork. Read below and explore more about the history of Indian paintings along with some interesting facts.
Be it an ancient tribe of scientists meditating in rocky caves or a modern-day painter with a lavish art gallery, visual artistry in India has always held a special place in the hearts of art lovers. Use of exotic colors, materials, textures, and imagery is usually accompanied by lots of emotional expressions, which, perhaps forms the Indian paintings a treat for the soul. Below mentioned is a snapshot of the history of Indian paintings you’ll be fascinated to discover. Let’s dive in!
‘The Age of Symbols & Petroglyph Paintings
Petroglyphs were the most ancient painting style of Indians, practiced nearly thirty thousand years ago. These paintings can be found in huge quantities in Bhumbeta Caves these days, apart from various museums and historical buildings.
A petroglyph is basically a type of painting which is made by nipping and pecking directly into a raw piece of rock. The symbols created are visible through the chipping away of rock’s surface and appearance of internal soft rock matter. The drawings created are then varnished, powdered or color filled for the preservation of the outlines.
The Muse of Murals
An art form originated in the 2nd century, murals are drawings and paintings created directly on walls or ceilings. During earlier times, these were created in the form of etchings and carvings on the walls of caves, rock shelters, brick stone castles or rock-cut chambers. Later on, they were translated or imitated in various manuscripts and texts.
These murals were painted mainly on the themes of religion and spiritual philosophies including Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. Nowadays, these murals can be seen painted on the frescoes of Ajanta & Ellora caves and on the plastered walls of Chola caves.
The Arrival of Indian Miniature Painting Art
Combining various Eastern philosophies and techniques, miniature paintings appeared in expression first during the early 17th century in Western Himalayan regions. Created on taadpatras, a form of sheet created out of palm tree leaves, these miniature paintings were based on the themes of religion, mythology, love stories, and folklore. These included paintings of Vaishnav, Buddhist paintings, Radha Krishna paintings, Jain paintings and likewise.
The highlight of these paintings is that they are character based. Plus the use of naturally made colors, intricate brushstrokes, and smooth detailing give these paintings an unusually attractive gleam. Say, for instance, in most Radha Krishna paintings, you’ll notice the character form of Lord Krishna is painted in indigo blue colour.
Painting Styles from Royal Kingdoms
The period between the late 17th century and 19th century marked the new milestone of storytelling through the art of painting. With the settling of royal palaces, forts and kingdoms in the country, artists and artwork both started coming into public recognition. This further began the series of juicy creativity, royal interest, and springing of various painting styles across different parts of India. Some of the most common among these styles are mentioned below.
During this time, miniature paintings saw their rebirth with the culmination of Islamic style with a Persian twist. From the generation of King Akbar to Jahangir, Mughals took a huge interest in this art, and hence showed active participation in the paintings. In fact, if you’d visit Fatehpur Sikhri any time, the palace King Akbar dedicated to his beloved Jodha, you will see a plethora of these miniature paintings glimmering like rainbows across the walls.
Rajputana paintings are relatively composed of day to day scenes including landscapes, routinely moments, themes of nature as well as scenes from the stories of love and war. These stories and scenes were taken from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Govardhana tales, Radha Krishna paintings and more. Paintings of the Rajput kingdom, these were created in Rajasthani or Pahari style.
Originated in Vijaynagar Kingdom, Mysore painting is a specialized style of painting that comprises of embossed gold foil carvings and settling tones of colors. Based on the themes of Hindu Gods & Goddesses, this South Indian painting art is carried out on a wooden base.
Similar to the theme of Mysore paintings, Tanjore or Thanjuvar paintings are based on the depiction of classical art forms including dance, music, and folklore tales.
Apart from these, there are many, many styles of paintings originated during 18th and 19th century periods.
Paintings in Modern India
Postcolonial era and followed by the period of India’s Independence, the country viewed an entirely fresh horizon of great influential painters. From oil to watercolor to emboss to fabric and clay, the painting styles these days have evolved to an all new level and categories. But some of them still remain the heart of India’s painting picture!
In 1993, someone forayed into previously uncharted territory: They hosted the very first live stream in the world. Yep, even though virtual events seem like a recent phenomenon, brought further into the spotlight due to the coronavirus pandemic, the concept has been around for nearly three decades.
In recent years, the Gaming Industry has shown positive growth worldwide with last year's revenues crossing over $150 billion. With the pandemic hitting the world in the very first quarter of 2020, most of the industries got badly hit - be it Hospitality, Travel, FMCG etc.
If you are interested in DIY projects, home decor, and being crafty in general, you may or may not have heard of wall decals. You have probably even seen them while browsing Pinterest or scrolling through your Instagram feed. These must-have decorative stickers are taking the arts and crafts world by storm!
Gorgeous canvas art has its place in every home in the world. Finding the best pieces, however, can be very difficult if you don't know where to look for them. Thanks to some insider information, we've got a great idea of where to start.
Do you want to make your kid's birthday party a bit hit? Are you looking for perfect entertainment ideas to have a good time at the party? If yes, then hiring a perfect magician can be your answer. If you want to make your kids party a real hit, then there could be nothing better than a magical theme for the birthday parties.
Have you ever seen someone sitting in a cafe with some alcohol markers or colored pencils in hand, concentrating hard on coloring images in what seemed like an adult coloring book? It might have been a strange scene before but ever since adult coloring books became all the rage, this has been the norm.
While you are organizing an event, you must take many decisions. The first and most important decision is to choose a venue. Venue puts a large impact on the guests and on the event too. Plan the date, exact date is very important to hold an event which is also dependent on the venue
Crypto-powered games have been the talk of the town in recent times. Professional gamers play and win huge amounts of cryptocurrency or virtual rewards through such games. Now, blockchain has simplified the in-game transactions of such virtual assets between the gamers
Are you a puzzle addict? Check out the best escape rooms across America and see if you can get out alive.