What Are The Different Types Of Surgeries

orthopedic surgery

Surgery is a branch of medicine that engages operations in the treatment of diseases or injuries. It can involve a range of activities like cutting, suturing abrading or changing of different body tissues and organs.

Development of technology has influenced the medical arena dramatically. New kinds of surgeries have come into existence to treat a number of diseases that were not possible in earlier times. Highly trained surgeons are becoming more equipped to deliver the best possible outcome for the patient. There is an overall enhancement in skill, technical expertise, and surgical technology.

In order to guide you in more detail, here is an alphabetical list of the most common surgical operations performed all over the world:


This is a removal of appendix through surgical means. The appendix is a small tube that comes out of the large intestine. It is done to treat acute appendicitis. This is precisely acute inflammation of this tube due to infection.

Bariatric Surgery

This is commonly referred to weight-loss surgery. It is an ideal option for people encountering extreme obesity.

Breast Biopsy

This is a diagnostic test which entails removal of tissue or cells for further examination under a microscope. The same technique is also used to remove abnormal breast tissue. It may be performed using a needle to extract the tissue.

Cardiovascular Surgery

This is a surgical treatment of diseases and disorders occurring in heart and blood vessels. Such examples include open heart surgery like coronary artery bypass and vascular surgery like femorotibial bypass grafting.

Debridement of Wound, Burn or Infection

This involves removal of foreign material or dead, damaged or infected tissue from a wound or burns through surgical means. Removal of damaged tissue allows it to heal more effectively.

Endocrine Surgery

This is a sub-category of general surgery that targets predominantly on conditions relating thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands.

Free Skin Graft

This involves removing healthy skin from one part of the body to repair damaged parts. These are performed as a result of burns or injuries. They are usually performed when the area is too large to be repaired by natural healing or stitching.

General surgery

This is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal organs like intestines, colon, liver, stomach, and gallbladder. It even entails breast surgery and hernias.


This refers specifically to surgical dealing with female reproductive systems like uterus, ovaries, and vaginas.

Low back pain surgery

This can have a number of causes including abnormal development of backbone, stress on the back or a physical disorder that negatively impacts the bones of the spine. This surgery is dependent on the diagnosis.


This surgery is associated with the treatment of mental disorders, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.


This is a medical specialty mainly targeting treatment of eyes. Conditions can include conjunctivitis, glaucoma, and cataracts.


Orthopedic surgery is for diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of injuries of the musculoskeletal system including bones, spine, joints, ligaments, and muscles.

Otolaryngology (ENT)

This is the medical and surgical treatment of head and neck including ears, nose, and throat.

Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery

This is a surgical specialty that mainly targets the repair, restoration, and improvement of conditions or injuries to skin external features resulting from disease injury or natural defects.


This surgical specialty primarily focuses on treatment of disorders relating to the chest which includes the ribs and the lungs.


Problems that are associated with the urinary tract including kidney, prostate, and bladder are addressed through means of urology.

Vascular surgery

This surgery treats diseases of vascular system or veins, arteries and is managed by minimally-invasive catheter procedures and of course, surgical reconstruction.

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