Tuberculosis Detection - TB Gold Test or a T-Spot Test

Tuberculosis is a chronic infection that majorly affects the lungs of the body. A person suffers from TB when he or she inhales the bacteria - M. Tuberculosis present in the air around them. The best way to confirm or rule out TB is by getting a TB Gold Test or a T-Spot Test done. The below article details on the two tests along with symptoms and complications that TB showcases.

Tuberculosis or TB is a potentially fatal infection that typically affects the lungs of the body. The bacteria causing TB is known to spread from one person to another through a cough and sneezes. Once a rare infection, it today, has become one of the most acquired ailment amid the world. A person suffering from the symptoms of tuberculosis must get a TB Gold Test or a T-Spot Test done to confirm or deny the infection.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Some common signs and symptoms of Tuberculosis are as follows:-

  • Persistent coughing
  • Coughing out blood
  • Pain the chest or when breathing or coughing
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Fever and Chills
  • Experiencing sweats at night
  • Loss of appetite

Effective Tuberculosis Test

QuantiFERON-TB Gold Test

A QuantiFERON-TB Gold Test is a kind of blood test that helps in the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the bloodstream. It’s a highly sensitive and specific test that measures the cell-mediated immune response to very peculiar TB antigens present in the body. During the test, three samples of blood are collected which are then stimulated with the M. tuberculosis antigen in QTF, their T-Cells respond by giving out cytokine called IFN-y. The concentration of IFN-y is determined with the help of ELISA.

A QuantiFERON TB Gold Test result interpretation requires utmost precision. For a wrong interpretation can cause a lot of unknown complications and even become life threatening. A QuantiFERON TB Gold Test positive treatment involves taking several types of medications for many months to eliminate the infection and prevent its development in the coming future. TB Test price is reasonable.

T-Spot test

A T-Spot test is an in-vitro pathology test that aids in the detection of the presence of effector T-cells that respond to stimulation of M. Tuberculosis antigens in the body. Similar to TB Gold Test, even a T-Spot Test aids in confirming or ruling out tuberculosis in a patient.

The test is typically ordered to individuals who are at a risk of latent tuberculosis infection or are suspected to have an underlying TB disease regardless of their age, ethnicity, sex, immune system or therapy.

Complications with Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis, if not treated properly, can become fatal. Untreated active infection can affect the lungs as well as spread to other adjoining organs. Complications one may experience are as follows:-

  • Pain in the Spinal Cord – Stiffness and pain the back are two standard TB complications.
  • Joint damage – Tuberculous arthritis generally affects the knees and the hips.
  • Meningitis – This particular complication can cause a lasting or an intermittent headache which persists for weeks. Mental changes are also a possibility.
  • Liver or kidney problems – The liver and kidneys are responsible for the filtration of waste and impurities. The functions of these vital organs are disrupted when affected by the infection of tuberculosis.
  • Heart disorder – A rare complication, but tuberculosis can also infect the tissues that envelope the heart and cause inflammation as well as fluid collections which may hamper the functionality of the heart.

The best way to avoid such complications is by getting a TB Gold Test or a T-Spot Test done and taking the prescribed medications regularly. Both, T-Spot test and TB Gold Test cost in India is reasonable and offered by all the leading pathology labs of the nation.

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