Know About Orthopedics
Orthopedics is the science deals with the correction of deformities that appear in our musculoskeletal systems (muscles, bones, ligaments, joints, tendons, and nerves). Orthopedic surgeons are those surgeons who are capable of repairing the injuries and defects in musculoskeletal systems and Orthopedic surgeons also provide treatment for arthritis and rheumatic diseases. To know the different types of disease coming under orthopedics, here are some orthopedic diseases listed below
• Diabetic foot
The reasons for diabetic foot are injuries or damage of the Central nervous system. Some symptoms for diabetic foot are listed here
1. Numbness in foot
3. Open wounds
4. Loss of hair in legs and foot
5. Experiencing pain in legs, while walking
Treatment for the diabetic foot is done in three stages such as
Debridement (tissues that are dead and dying are removed by this process), Drainage (this is done for wounds with pus), Bandage (This process is done to prevent infection and also to provide antibiotics)
• Heel pain
Heel pain is mainly due to overuse or injury of the heel bone. Some causes of heel bone are overweight, wearing chapels or shoes of incorrect size, heel spurs, Achilles Tendinitis (inflammation of the Achilles tendon), Excessive Pronation (the foot rolls inward and the ligaments and tendons at the back of the heel are stretched too much), Plantar Fasciitis (due to inflammation of tendinous tissue connecting the heel to the ball of the foot)
• Mortan’s Neuroma ( Intermetatarsal)
This disease is due to compression and irritation of nerves. Hence, Foot’s Neuroma is called as Mortan’s Neuroma. Some symptoms are pain & numbness in foot, a feeling of something in the foot.
• Bone Spurs
These are small bony projections that appear along the edges of the bone.
• Tendon Dysfunction
This is due to tendon’s inflammation
Bunions are called for the bony bump appears at the base of the big toe
• Claw toe
Nerve damage results in claw toe
The tightening and bending of muscles or tendons result in Hammertoe
• Hip dysplasia
Abnormal formation of hip sockets causes hip dysplasia
• Hip Bursitis
Inflammation of fluid sac ( bursa) which is needed to reduce the friction during the movement of tissues
• Snapping Hip
Changes in anatomy lead to snapping hip
Degeneration of bones is osteoporosis
This is due to pain and swellings in joints
• Bowed legs
Bowed legs are called for the curving of legs
• Runners knee (Patellofemeral pain syndrome)
Runners knee disease is due to the irritation of patella cartilage
• Osgood- schlatter disease
This is due to the inflammation of tibia attached tendon
Inflammation of tendon causes tendonitis
This disease causes interruptions for the cell growth of the nervous system
• Cerebral palsy
This is a congenital disease
• Boutonniere deformity
Abnormal positioning of toes and fingers
• De Quervain tenosynovitis
This disease occurs when the sheath covering of thumb tendon get inflammation
• Erb’s palsy
Erb’s palsy is called for the paralysis of the upper arm due to injuries or damage to nerves that present in the upper group arms
• Frozen shoulders
This is due to Inflammation of shoulder joint tendons
• Cubital tunnel syndrome
Ulnar nerve pressure variations cause this disease
• Tennis elbow
Overuse or aging may be the reasons for tennis elbow
• Spinal stenosis
May due to the wear and tear occurring in the feet, legs, lower back
This condition is called for the curve appearance in the spine due to the degenerative bone tissues
• Muscular dystrophy
This is a disease affecting group muscles
Deficiency of calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D causes bone deformity. This rickets appears in children
• Cauda squine syndrome
Nerve endings of spinal cord get irritated, a condition called Cauda squine syndrome
• Lyme disease
This disease is due to borrelia type bacteria
Leg pain due to problems with sciatic nerve
• Carpel tunnel syndrome
This disease is called for numbness and pain in the hand
• Compartment syndrome
This disease is called for pain in fingers
• Kienbock’s syndrome
This disease causes interruptions in blood supply to some bones in the wrist
• Dupuytren’s contracture
Hand deformity due to the thickening of fibrous tissues of hands
The COVID19 vaccine supply chain has a decisive role to play in enabling efficient vaccination to people. But, the current supply chains are broken and diminished in many cases, posing challenges to effective vaccine distribution.
Lungs are usually taken for granted by us however they keep us well and alive. Most of us prioritize getting healthier and the health of lungs rarely crosses our minds. Now it’s the need of the time that we change it! The rate of lung diseases and respiratory ailments is much more in number than we assume.
There are different kinds of gastrointestinal conditions, which can cause abdominal pain in patients that can develop into becoming a chronic type of pain. This pain is in most cases accompanied by other symptoms, which include diarrhea, cramping, constipation or bloating.
When people are not aware of the diseases they may have, it is difficult to notice the problem in time. Disinformation leads to the neglect or wrongful treatment that only worsens the situation. It’s especially for a delicate problem such as hemorrhoids.
Toxic synovitis is a condition that commonly occurs in children and presents itself with hip pain, which is usually only temporary. It is more common in boys and in general affects mostly children in the age of three to eight. As mentioned, it is in most cases temporary and goes away by itself in one to two weeks.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough amount of hormones needed for the body. There are many glands in the body, the thyroid is one of gland located at the base of the neck. It is a small butterfly-shaped gland.
Muscular dystrophy is a disorder which leads to the gradual disintegration of the muscles of the human body. The basic cause of this disorder is quite complicated but still, studies are going on in order to cure this disease. In recent times the stem cell technology has created a buzz in the medical field.
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland located at the base of your neck and is seen in a butterfly shape. As shape indicates, thyroid gland has two lobes connected by a tissue called isthmus.