According to what World Health Organisation has recorded, millions of people worldwide continue to have access to unsafe, unhygienic, and contaminated water for drinking. Household Water Treatment and Storage, as termed by the World Health Organisation, has become an effective and desirable method that one should undertake to provide access to safe drinking water. The proper treatment of water and its safe storage in households is extremely beneficial as it improves the quality of drinking water and ensures instant access to it. The presence and active usage of safe and clean drinking water sources are highly significant.
Why is Household Water Storage Necessary?
About half a million people in developing and underdeveloped countries lose their lives to water-borne diseases that arise from exposure to contaminated water sources. A vast portion of these deaths is among young children and toddlers. To combat these issues, access to safe drinking water sources needs to be provided. Consumption of hygienic drinking water along with its treatment and storage will gradually eliminate the chances of any water-borne disease affecting the people of that household.
In today’s world, safe drinking water is a significant necessity. While people are starting to realise how serious the problem of water scarcity and availability of contaminated water is. Practical Household Water Storage is a remarkable process to undertake for those who heavily depend on water from unhygienic and unreliable sources. Many organisations like WHO have instituted schemes to encourage the process of efficient household water storage to combat the consumption of contaminated drinking water and its consequences.
Safe Water Storage
One of the most important steps to undertake while following Household Water Treatment and Storage is to promote safe water storage. The water has been treated and is now entirely safe to consume. Users should ideally store the treated water in a container to prevent it from getting re-contaminated. These Safe Water Storage containers should have the following characteristics which would make them ideal for storing treated water:
- A small opening with a cover would prevent the entry of potential pollutants from outside.
- A small opening or a tap would allow easy and safe access to the treated water without the insertion of unnecessary objects inside the container.
- A container is suitable with instructions for usage mentioned beforehand and guidelines for the water treatment attached.
The containers also prove to be helpful in the prevention of contamination of water before its treatment. Organisations should make these kinds of containers available or make household water treatment users generally aware of desirable actions.
To safely store water to follow, there are primarily three options available and undertaken:
- Water storage containers in one’s home itself.
- Water storage containers are used by the community or a neighbourhood collectively.
- An organisation purchased commercial water storage containers following the HWTS program and distributed them to the users.
These water storage containers are also known as water storage tanks or simply as water tanks. They have reverse osmosis systems or other filter systems installed within themselves, which treat the water for consumption, and then these tanks hold the water until you are ready to use and consume it. These water tanks for home are suitable and can be easily installed. The water tanks come in a vast collection of sizes, styles, colours, and other specifications and can be used for various purposes residentially, commercially, and even industrially.
They hold clean water and then force it out when demand for usage of clean water gets initiated. Water gets pumped from the source into the tank, and then the tank fills itself up with the water unless it is complete. When you need to access this water, be it for any purpose, the water tank allows immediate access to the clean and treated water.
Water tank manufacturers usually design tanks to be atmospheric or pressure tanks. Atmospheric tanks are elevated to generate water pressure and are usually suitable for outdoor and large-scale operations. In contrast, pressure tanks are ideal for point-of-use applications. The storage of water in such tanks turns out to be a crucial source of clean drinking water, but they are helpful because they allow instant access to clean water at any time. These are necessary to ensure a smooth water supply throughout the household for various purposes. These water storage tanks turn out to be a significant factor in providing access to hygienic water and help to facilitate efficient household water storage.
In a world where water scarcity and access to hygienic sources of water have become a major concern, the practice of storing water efficiently in households needs to be encouraged more often. Individual and collective efforts should be made to implement this practice in reality. Only then will we be able to bring a change in the current scenario and improve it.