10 Programming Languages to Look out for in 2019

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If you love computers, mobiles, smart watches, various gadgets and above all, the internet, let me inform you that they all run on programming languages. A programming language is nothing but the vocabulary and a set of grammatical rules created to instruct a device or computer to perform a specific task. 

Now let me surprise you by revealing that there are more than 250 programming languages out there; some of them are dead, few are created for a specific computer or device only, and many are brought in to the market for regular-uses, like software development.

When it comes to the software development, a programming language would always be there to make the functioning happen of the software. But how an aspiring IT-master or a business-in-need of software solution would know which programming language should be looked for in 2019. 

Well, the answer to the question isn’t easy; particularly when we have tons of software programming technologies available in the market. Most first timers, whether they are students or businesses, ask this question. 

In fact, deciding on which programming language one should look for this year takes into account various factors. Then we can rank the best out of them all. The key factor in all of them is the market.

We can learn from market-movers and decide which language is receiving more attention than others. The market instantly tells you which programming languages are the best choices for the future. Once you know this, you can choose the languages to learn or for your software development.

The other way is to learn from the types of software applications being implemented nowadays. Mobile apps, AI, IoT, Machine Learning, interactive webs & web apps, software with WORA-feature, and desktop apps are the trending software types many companies developing across industries. 

Learning through these ways, here is the list of top 10 programming languages to look out for in 2019:

Python

With no sign of disappearing any time soon, Python has been one of the primary choices of developers around the world. The language can be applied to develop apps for desktop, web, ML, and media tools. Python is also useful for developing back-end services and APIs. There are some Python-based web development frameworks, such as, Django, Pyramid, and Turbo Gear, which have become quite popular among many developers.

JavaScript

JavaScript is another most popular programming technology applied to develop the modern web and apps. JavaScript, as a frontend programming language with its gradually growing back-end relevancy, is used widely in designing interactive applications. It’s a popular programming technology used by more than half of the developers, according to State OverFlow. Nowadays, the use of JavaScript is rapidly expanding into many areas, like IoT app development and game app development. The JavaScript-based web development framework, NodeJS is also getting enough attention from many web developers for web applications with many input/output operations and real-time functionalities.

C#

C# is a general purpose, versatile programming language used in every single platform. Once the language was widely used for building the backend of Windows Phone apps, but now it’s used for designing almost anything; from Android and iOS apps to Linux and Mac apps. First appeared in 2000, almost two decades back, C# is still evolving and, its developers are still adding more features to it.  C# is also used for developing Virtual Reality applications. Also, it’s used in the developments of Windows services, web application & services, games using Unity, console apps that do not have UI, WorkFlow apps, Class Libraries and more.

Java

For decades Java has been the first choice of large organizations. Applied to develop enterprise-scale web applications, Java is a stable software development technology. Java is also used in the mobile app development for Android OS powered devices. Also, it’s used for developing iOS, Linux, and Mac apps.  

Java has everything that C# has got. In fact, Java and C# are almost the same. Java is used for developing server apps required in the finance industry. Web application, software tools, scientific apps, high-performance systems— they all use Java programming.

PHP

The famous WordPress that writes 90 percent of the web is all PHP. More than 80 percent of all websites online are using PHP. Popular content management systems (CMSs), like Drupal, Joomla, Magneto, PrestaShop and more are based on PHP.

PHP is a core server-side web development technology. Still not convinced? Now be surprised by knowing that Facebook and Twitter are based on PHP. So, PHP is everywhere and serves as the lifeline of the whole World Wide Web.

GO

Formulated in 2007 and officially published in 2012, Go or Golang is an open source software programming language which can be used to develop productive yet simple and secure software. Although it’s a relative less popular technology, many developers say that they will migrate to it in the future.

Go carries high growth opportunities as more companies, firms, and developers are likely to use in their projects. It comes with the same static typing and efficiency that come with C++ and Java. It resembles with Python and JavaScript when it comes to richness and comfort of use.

Go is a lightweight and revised language for modern-day micro-services. 

Swift

iOS is continuously expanding and so is expanding the market of iOS app development. Now, if you want to develop an app for iOS, Swift is the programming language developed and introduced by Apple in 2014.

Built over Objective C, Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language which can be used in developing apps for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, Linux and z/OS. Also, Swift is among the top popular programming languages in the world according to Github.

Swift quickly became popular because Apple marketed it as the next language for iPhone application development – the most popular smartphone after Google’s Android-powered devices. Another reason for Swift’s popularity is that like other languages, it’s also open-source and available for free. Above all, it’s way easier to learn Swift programming in the comparison of Objective C.

Kotlin

Designed by JetBrains and officially supported by Google, Kotlin is a newcomer for Android application development. Soon, most of the Android apps will shift into Kotlin, which is in the same fashion Objective C is shifting to Swift.

No doubt that the future of Android belongs to Kotlin as it has native Android support, but it can also be combined in the same package of Java. It comes with the capability of interoperating with Java. It means both Kotlin and Java can be used in a single application.

C and C++

C is the mother of all languages whereas C++ is the language C# is based on. They both, in fact, are the key languages in programming. Almost all low-level systems, like OSs, and file systems are developed using C and C++. They are the recommended language for system programming.

Windows and Google Chrome are based on C++ and also, Amazon website is written in C++. It’s fast and stable. Also, C++ provides Standards Template Library (STL) which is a pool of ready-to-use libraries for various data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms.

R

When it comes to ML-enabled and data-driven application development, there is no better programming language available than R. It comes with an excellent framework and built-in libraries supporting in creating algorithms for ML projects. It can be used for general statistical computing and graphics. Many enterprises have implemented large projects based on the R language.

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