A Brief Introduction to White Collar Crimes

White collar criminal offense defense

White collar crime is a broad-spectrum term which refers to a non-violent, financially motivated crime usually committed by government officials and businessmen. It refers to many criminal activities occurring in the upper class of society, specifically big businesses and well-established companies.

Traditionally, crimes involving people employed in industries exercising manual labor (such as construction, manufacturing and other unskilled trades) have been referred to as “blue-collar” crimes; On the other hand, “white collar” crimes are those which involve professionals employed in learned professions such as medicine, law, banking, business management or finance .

Criminologist Edwin Sutherland was the first to give a formal definition of white-collar crime in 1939, as:

“A crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of their occupation.”

It can best be described as a wide variety of crimes which have two things in common:

  1. Deceit and fraud as the nature of the crime
  2. Financial gain as the motivational factor

Even though there are many types of white-collar crimes committed all around the world, most common are:

Embezzlement

Most white-collar crimes deal with an insider taking wrongful advantage of his or her own company’s financial assets. Embezzlement, a specific type of white-collar crime, is a financial fraud committed by an employee or any other insider to the company, who had access to financial documentation and assets. The person involved in embezzlement manipulates the situation; an employee in charge of payroll, for instance, may covertly increase his/her own salary. This is an example of white-collar embezzlement.

Tax Evasion

Attempting to somehow dodge the taxes you are required to pay is called Tax Evasion. It is a type of white-collar crime that can range from simply filing tax forms with false information to transferring property illegally so as to avoid tax obligations. Failure to pay proper taxes can lead to criminal charges. In order for charges to be levied, it must be determined that the avoidance of taxes was a willful act on the part of the taxpayer.

Fraud: Insider Trading

Fraud in the domain of white-collar crimes deals specifically with ‘securities fraud’; it can further be divided into a number of categories; however, the most common one is “insider trading”. When someone trades confidential, company information with an outsider, all while being in obvious violation of duty, the act is considered insider trading (fraud). This concept can be better explained by the example of a company executive who had access to highly sensitive data; if he/she knows about upcoming company earnings and decides to sell a portion of his/her personal stock in the company, it would be considered securities fraud.

Money Laundering

Filtering illegally obtained ‘black money’ to make it legitimate is a criminal act called money laundering. It is done by passing it through an extensive series of transactions; the first step involves depositing the money into a bank account. After that, perpetrators usually separate the money from its original source to make the money almost impossible to be traced. Criminals make sure that the transactions are kept as complex and widespread as possible. Finally, the money ‘cleaned’ is mixed with originally legal money so as to avoid any suspicion; the process of the aforementioned mixing is the purchase or sale of assets.

If you are facing embezzlement, tax evasion or any other charges related to white collar crime, contact the experienced criminal lawyers near you immediately. They usually have a team of experienced Criminal Defense lawyers who can defend white-collar criminal offenses. You can discuss the situation with them or visit a website of trusted lawyers for complete legal help!  

Similar Articles

property lawyers

If you are looking for the best estate lawyer you can surely find a lot of names if you conduct a little bit of research online but this is to be kept in mind that merely finding any estate lawyer should not be your aim.

10 More Personal Injury Claim FAQs and Answers

There are certain common questions related to personal injury claims that you should be highly aware of. Being ignorant might cost you a good deal, in case you meet a personal injury.

Law firm management

Are you in a dilemma to streamline your law office management process and stay ahead of your competitors? Well, not to worry! We’ve outlined the answers for the most common questions that strike the mind of lawyers:

How to Prepare an Auto Accident Claim

In an auto accident claim, it is always wise to have the necessary documents with you to make the process smoother. Ask your insurance for providing necessary documents that would prove that you are carrying automobile insurance on the car that you are driving.

Background Checks: The Different Types and What They Revea

We usually hear the term “background check” when we are applying for a job or looking to hire someone. They say that it is an essential part of hiring and is highly necessary. Before anything else, a background check is a process that a person or a company conducts to check and verify a person’s history and activities that happened in the past so that they could confirm its validity

Canadian PR

For many of us, the opportunity to immigrate to Canada is a very rare and valued one. Over the years, Canada has been very welcoming towards immigrants and the Canadian authorities have made immigration laws much more flexible.

 criminal-lawyer-find

Criminal law is really complicated and everyone does not have knowledge about the same, therefore it is important to look for the help from the one who excels in this for better proceedings.

Expert Witness Service

What is an Expert Witness? An expert witness is appointed by the courts, arbitrators, or lawyers to help them understand the nature of the case for them to prove or disprove something. Expert witnesses are often professionals who are graduates of the fields that they are experts in.

personal injury

Though every personal injury case differs from the other, the basic stages of a personal injury case usually remain the same. Here are the different stages of a typical personal injury case